Emergence Of Civil Rights As A National Issue Essay

Emergence Of Civil Rights As A National Issue Essay-28
John Kennedy phoned Coretta Scott King to express his concern while a call from Robert Kennedy to the judge helped secure her husband’s safe release.The Kennedys’ personal intervention led to a public endorsement by Martin Luther King, Sr., the influential father of the civil rights leader.Eisenhower enforced the desegregation of Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas.

John Kennedy phoned Coretta Scott King to express his concern while a call from Robert Kennedy to the judge helped secure her husband’s safe release.The Kennedys’ personal intervention led to a public endorsement by Martin Luther King, Sr., the influential father of the civil rights leader.

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Introduction: The civil rights movement can be defined as a mass popular movement to secure for African Americans equal access to and opportunities for the basic privileges and rights of U. African American men and women, along with whites, organized and led the movement at national and local levels.

Although the roots of the civil rights movement go back to the 19th century, the movement peaked in the 1950s and 1960s.

The Election of 1960: By the 1960 presidential campaign, civil rights had emerged as a crucial issue.

Just a few weeks before the election, Martin Luther King, Jr., was arrested while leading a protest in Atlanta, Georgia.

Eventually, the administration was compelled to act.

Emergence Of Civil Rights As A National Issue Essay

For decades, seating on buses in the South had been segregated, along with bus station waiting rooms, rest rooms, and restaurants.Martin Luther King, Jr., led a boycott that ended segregated busing in Montgomery, Alabama.In 1957, National Guard troops under orders from President Dwight D.Many southern political leaders claimed the desegregation decision violated the rights of states to manage their systems of public education, and they responded with defiance, legal challenges, delays, or token compliance.As a result, school desegregation proceeded very slowly.Beginning in the late 19th century, state and local governments passed segregation laws, known as Jim Crow laws, and mandated restrictions on voting qualifications that left the black population economically and politically powerless.African Americans throughout much of the South were denied the right to vote, barred from public facilities, subjected to insults and violence, and could not expect justice from the courts. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas ushered in a new era in the struggle for civil rights.In February 1960, four black college students sat down at a Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, N. They were refused service, and they refused to leave their seats.Within days, more than 50 students had volunteered to continue the sit-in, and within weeks the movement had spread to other college campuses.In the North, black Americans also faced discrimination in housing, employment, education, and many other areas. This landmark decision outlawed racial segregation in public schools.But the civil rights movement had made important progress, and change was on the way. Whites around the country condemned the decision, and in the South such white supremacist groups as the Ku Klux Klan and the Citizens’ Council organized to resist desegregation, sometimes resorting to violence.

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