This paper provides the background of Montessori, the advantages of Montessori, and how a teacher would create a sense of joy within a child that has learned to read well. The Montessori method allows the child (under 6 years of age) to construct useful, culturally-related strategies that will remain with him for all his life. Students should be encouraged to actualize, to participate, and to think of their classroom as a community. So, children ages 2 and 3 years are in one group, children ages 3 through 6 are in another group and children ages 6 through 12 are in yet another group. This tactic helps children "…develop social skills," it challenges them to "learn" and to "work together" and because directresses and directors carefully observe the activities and guide the children so the students may develop "at their own pace" (Montessori.com).…… Contrary to the abstract conventional education system that……
The strategies employed by Montessori teachers are far more holistic than in traditional public school environments, and hence, Montessori has earned a sterling reputation therein. The Montessori Method: The Origins of an Educational Innovation: Including an Abridged and Annotated Edition of Maria Montessori's The Montessori Method. Moreover, this paper presents -- through the literature -- how a child can be led to acquire new powers in the process of cultural learning through activities, movements, particularly those that are interesting to him. Maria Montessori, for example, based much of her philosophy on the work of 19th century philosopher Jean-Jacques…… Retrieved January 11, 2009 at and Bronfenbrenner The most effective classroom environment is one in which there is a sense of trust, advocacy for the student, engaging learning activities, and a sense of regular adventure. According to the Montessori website the strategy in the Montessori classroom is to place the children not by grades but rather by age. 'Big Work: Goodness, Vocation, and Engagement in the Montessori Method,' Curriculum Inquiry, vol. The Montessori curriculum is designed to ensure individualized and sequential learning pace.
This research will explore the underpinnings of the Montessori approach and its relation to other learning theories. The Montessori directress usually has the qualification of a normal teacher but she also has the qualification of a one year teacher education diploma.
Her independent spirit is reflected in her teaching methods which emphasizes independence, freedom within limits, and respect for the child's own natural psychological development. Retrieved from Education/History of Montessori Educ Montessori Diterctress ole of Montessori Directress Characteristic of a Directress Multi- Talented Observer Classroom Environment Directress ole of Montessori Directress Personal Preparation and Development of the Montessori Directress Spiritual Preparation Technical Preparation Scientific Training The role of a teacher in a Montessori classroom is played by a fully trained Montessori directress.
The Montessori Directress is a teacher, who guides the children towards the path that leads them to self-awareness and maturity.
[Read More] References American Montessori Society. The directress should be a calm, intelligent and helpful person to set a good example for the children.
In the course of acquiring the above mentioned development, children need to have sufficient freedom, guidance, security from harm as well as space to play so that they are in a good position to grow in an all round manner. q=eyfs/enabling-environments/learning-environment/outdoor-environment The International Montessori Index (2011). Montessori Materials & Learning Environments for the Home and the School. Child is eager to learn and seeks education through play, reality, and work The child learns by creating changes in the environment / system in which she is involved. We need a template or structure from which to base our assumptions, and to formulate the reasons for our decisions and ideas. [Read More] REFERENCES and WORKS CONSULTED Bronfenbrenner, Y.
When an environment does not seem to offer all the above growth factors, particularly to the children, then that environment or the education system fails to meet the needs of the child. Child influenced by forces within self impelling towards growth? Development is a series of six-year periods each with its own particular sensitivities and education has to be tailored accordingly. Good education restores the balance between thinking, willing, and feeling. One way to understand the theoretical basis of learning and the pedagogical issues surrounding learning is to understand some of the theories surrounding the subject.
Intelligence is built upon experiences and thought processes. Montessori for You and Your Child: Frequently Asked Questions of Parents. In addition there are many different ways to teach and the system has gone from whole language to back to basics and back again. Curriculum and Aims (Thinking About Education Series) Publisher: Teachers College Press. One of the first philosophers to influence the character of modern American education was John Dewey. Kohlberg proposed three stages of moral reasoning that impact character development: pre-conventional, conventional, and post-conventional. Retrieved May 12, 2008 at Ed/Rising Star Montessori School. In the Montessori-guided classroom, though, a careful balance must be made between helping young children too little and helping them too much.
Whether you believe intelligence is genetic or produced by environment, you can further it by education. As the world evolves and matures and technology advances the world discovers more things that it wants its students taught. Touchstone Books (August 1997) John Dewey (Accessed ) Timeline American education has evolved considerably since the late 19th century. Learning and interacting with the environment at the child's own pace are emphasized, and social interactions may be left to the individual teachers at the school. According to Elliott, Gettinger and Kratochwill (1992), "Like Froebel, Montessori implemented an early education curriculum that was founded on a developmental theory, employed play as the instructional method, and sequentially introduced developmentally appropriate materials designed to facilitate sensory and cognitive skills" (p. This technique is clearly appropriate for a preschool environment where there will likely be a highly diverse group of children at various developmental stages.