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Policy decisions about what types of individuals should be allowed to immigrate legally, how many immigrants to allow, how and whether to provide undocumented immigrants a path to citizenship, whom to deport, and how to secure borders are hotly debated, and any immigration reform will have ethical, political and economic ramifications.With this in mind, the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis is asking students in its 31st annual essay contest to use economics to describe and defend an effective immigration policy.
Of the nearly 1.2 million people granted lawful resident status in 2016, 68 percent qualified as family-sponsored, 12 percent as employment-based, and 10 percent as refugees, with the remaining 10 percent coming through other programs.
Illegal immigration is important to consider as well.
The evidence suggests that deterrence through enforcement, despite its successes in reducing illegal entry across the border, is producing diminishing returns due to three reasons.
First, arrivals at the border are increasingly made up of asylum seekers from Central America, which is a population that is harder to deter because of the dangers they face at home, and in many cases not appropriate to deter because the United States has legal obligations to consider requests for asylum.
Many resources are available to draw upon, and essays can take many different approaches.
Good Reflective Essay - Essays About Immigration Laws
The judges will reward creative thinking in addition to careful research, persuasive writing and solid economic thinking. If you have any questions, email Essay [email protected] research advances should help to inform a more rational public debate over border enforcement expenditures.In particular, Congress should take a careful look at the incremental gains that might come from additional spending on border enforcement.Additionally, some see immigration as a potential answer to slower population growth and large-scale retirement in an aging workforce.As you answer the prompt to “use economics to describe and defend an effective immigration policy,” keep in mind that your idea of an effective outcome may not be the same as someone else’s, and there are many options available.Regardless of what you choose, be clear about the goals of your immigration policy and make a strong case for why your proposal meets them.Your policy may have political, cultural and ethical motives but should be supported by economic reasoning.The collection seeks to look beyond recent and current US immigration debates to outline a flexible,......View Publication This paper introduces a special collection of 15 articles that chart a course for long-term reform of the US immigration system.An estimated 11 million unauthorized immigrants resided in the United States in 2015.According to Pew Research Estimates, the unauthorized immigrant population is not significantly growing at present.