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Underline the ‘awfulness’ and ‘terribleness’ of noxious stimuli and fully acknowledge that nothing in the whole universe is more than very inconvenient and disadvantageous, and that there is no reason why pains and displeasures should not, must not exist.Humans in other words, can eliminate their feelings of horror, hopelessness and hostility (and retain their appropriate feelings of disappointment and annoyance) if they will truly join the human race, give up all pretentions of being superhuman, of encouraging gods or devils, or of living in a perfectly easy, immediately gratifying world.A person who violates norms beyond a certain limit is labelled as ‘abnormal’. Individual beliefs play very important role in the behaviour of a person, therefore, caseworker should try to tackle and manage these beliefs.
If one wants to eliminate one’s disturbance, he can substitute two other simple words: “Tough luck”, “Too bad”, or “How unfortunate”.The simple and effective solution to the problem of human disturbance, obviously, is to exercise the demons, i.e., the unrealistic beliefs.Give up the demandingness and whining and presenting.Unfortunately, these values may also have created a life that is carrying you down a path that is not the direction you want to go at this point in your life. What values are you presently living in accordance with? Yet, finding the answers to these questions is a challenge and then changing them in a way that will lead to fulfillment is an even greater challenge.Deconstructing Your Values To truly understand what values you possess and live by, you must deconstruct them until you are able to clearly see what exactly you value and why you hold those values.Instead, they simply adopt the values of their parents and the dominant values of society.In all likelihood, the values that you internalized as a child remain with you through adulthood (yes, in some cases, people reject the values of their upbringings). These are essential questions that you must ask if you are to find meaning, happiness, success, and connection in your life.Just about every time one feels disturbed or upset, instead of merely displeased, frustrated or disappointed, one is stoutly convincing oneself that something is awful rather than inconvenient or disadvantageous.One frequently believes: (1) “It is awful that I am imperfect and am disapproved” (2) “It is terrible that you are treating me less than ideally” (3) “Or, it is horrible that the world is so onerous and ungratifying.” When one awfulises or catastrophises about reality, he is setting up an unverifiable, magical, unempirical hypothesis.Values are implanted early in a person’s life and once they are fixed, serve as a guide in choosing behaviour and in forming attitudes. Values change through day-to-day behaviour, regulated by norms.Values are developed and reinforced and do not develop spontaneously.