The process of reviewing the literature requires different kinds of activities and ways of thinking.
Shields and Rangarajan (2013) and Granello (2001) link the activities of doing a literature review with Benjamin Bloom’s revised taxonomy of the cognitive domain (ways of thinking: remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating).
Below are some examples of literature reviews written by ACAP students.
Use these to gain an understanding of the generic structure and language used when writing your own literature reviews.
Literature reviews are secondary sources, and do not report new or original experimental work.
Most often associated with academic-oriented literature, such reviews are found in academic journals, and are not to be confused with book reviews that may also appear in the same publication.
Student Examples There isn't one ideal type of literature review and you may need to employ a range of methods and provide reasons for your choices depending on the research area, problem and methodology.
Aveyard (2014) describes a number of ways to approach writing a literature review.
A meta-analysis is typically a systematic review using statistical methods to effectively combine the data used on all selected studies to produce a more reliable result.
The process of reviewing the literature is often ongoing and informs many aspects of the empirical research project.