I knew night skies in which meteors left smoky trails across sugary spreads of stars.
Simply put, without darkness, Earth’s ecology would collapse. Every religious tradition has considered darkness invaluable for a soulful life, and the chance to witness the universe has inspired artists, philosophers and everyday stargazers since time began. 6 Yet all over the world, our nights are growing brighter.
In the United States and Western Europe, the amount of light in the sky increases an average of about 6% every year.
That organization is key.” If you haven’t been taught specific rhetorical devices — AP students tend to be at an advantage here — ask your English teacher for a list or “You have 50 minutes to write this essay, but you’re not expected to write for that entire period,” Fracchia points out.
“You should set out to spend 15 to 20 minutes reading and planning your essay.” Burns agrees, “Outlining what you’re going to say in each paragraph is helpful, because then you know what you’re working toward.” So far as length, think back to the sample essays you read.
It’s just looking for how you analyze the rhetorical devices used in the article.” Ultimately, Burns scored well responding to a passage about minimum wage, a topic on which she hardly considers herself an expert.
Most important, Fracchia says, is to follow a set essay structure and have a toolbox of rhetorical devices (think: anecdotes, similes or pathos) at the ready.And too little darkness, meaning too much artificial light at night, spells trouble for all.3 Already the World Health Organization classifies working the night shift as a probable human carcinogen, and the American Medical Association has voiced its unanimous support for “light pollution reduction efforts and glare reduction efforts at both the national and state levels.” Our bodies need darkness to produce the hormone melatonin, which keeps certain cancers from developing, and our bodies need darkness for sleep.Sleep disorders have been linked to diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease and depression, and recent research suggests one main cause of “short sleep” is “long light.” Whether we work at night or simply take our tablets, notebooks and smartphones to bed, there isn’t a place for this much artificial light in our lives.4 The rest of the world depends on darkness as well, including nocturnal and crepuscular species of birds, insects, mammals, fish and reptiles.“Don’t take it for any other reason than to boost your application.”.Practicing with these prompts accustoms you to analyzing a source text.“You don’t have to find anything hidden, so if you just get used to finding the devices, it’ll flow when you take the actual test,” says Jake Berman, who heads up Eva Burns, now a freshman at the University of Georgia where she is majoring in natural resources, didn’t apply to any schools that required or recommended the essay.Nonetheless, she opted in because she knew she’d perform well.Light pollution is readily within our ability to solve, using new lighting technologies and shielding existing lights.Already, many cities and towns across North America and Europe are changing to LED streetlights, which offer dramatic possibilities for controlling wasted light.This winter solstice, as we cheer the days’ gradual movement back toward light, let us also remember the irreplaceable value of darkness.2 All life evolved to the steady rhythm of bright days and dark nights.Today, though, when we feel the closeness of nightfall, we reach quickly for a light switch.