In June 1998 the US Department of Commerce came out with a white paper on the administration of internet name and numbers.The main purpose of the white paper was to move administration of internet domain names and IP addresses out of the control of US federal government and vest it in a non-profit, internationally representative organization. Articles of Incorporation ICANN Articles of Incorporation was finalized on November 21, 1988.Through the domain name system (DNS) ICANN ensures that domain names and IP addresses are assinged only once worldwide.
According to the Article of Incorporation, the main function of the ICANN was laid down as the following: "In furtherance of the foregoing purposes, and in recognition of the fact that the Internet is an international network of networks, owned by no single nation, individual or organization, the Corporation shall, except as limited by Article 5 hereof, pursue the charitable and public purposes of lessening the burdens of government and promoting the global public interest in the operational stability of the Internet by: The by-laws outline the powers and responsibilities of the ICANN by laying down its mission and core values.
It also establishes the offices of the Ombudsman (Article V), Board of Directors (Article VI), Nominating Committee (Article VII), Address Supporting Organization (Article VIII), Country Code Name Supporting Organization (Article IX), Generic Name Supporting Organization (Article X) and Advisory Committees (Article XI).
Board of Directors The Board of Directors comprises of 16 members ("Directors") who have voting rights. The five liaisons appointed by Governmental Advisory Committee, Root Server and Stability Advisory Committee, Technical Liaison Group and Internet Engineering Task Force. The Directors are expected to act in the best interest of ICANN rather than acting in the best interest of the entity they have been selected from.
The main function of the Board of Directors is to put to vote various policy recommendation made by the Supporting Organizations and the Advisory Committees.
Domain names (forming a system referred to as DNS) b.
Internet protocol addresses and autonomous system numbers c. Coordinates the operation and evolution of the DNS root name server system 3.
It is best known for its role as technical coordinator of the Internet’s Domain Name System.
Its role is to coordinate, at the overall level, the global Internet’s systems of unique identifiers, and in particular to ensure the stable and secure operation of the Internet’s unique identifier systems. Coordinates the allocation and assignment of the three sets of unique identifiers for the Internet, which are: a.
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is a non-profit public-benefit corporation which is responsible at the overall level, for the coordination of the, “global internet's systems of unique identifiers, and in particular to ensure the stable and secure operation of the internet's unique identifier systems.” In other words, in order to reach or connect to another computer on the internet, one has to provide the address of the computer.
Such an address must be unique so that the computers are able to locate each other.