Literature Review On Food Security In Nigeria

Literature Review On Food Security In Nigeria-10
Man suffers various environmental changes as a result of inappropriate agricultural practices coupled with unscrupulous destructions of various important elements in the environment.Climate change is perhaps the most serious environmental threat to the fight against hunger, malnutrition, disease and poverty in Africa, mainly through its impact on agricultural productivity.

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Global warming means that many dry areas are going to get drier and wet areas are going to get wetter.

Peer-reviewed research accepted by the Journal of Geography and Regional Planning concludes that Nigeria’s average temperature has risen by 1.7 degrees in the period 1901-2005.

Rough estimates suggest that over the next 50years or so climatic change will likely have a serious threat to meeting global food needs than any other constraints on agricultural system. Available evidence shows that climate change is global; sea level rose about 17 centimetres (6.7 inches) in the last century and the rate has doubled in the last decade, there has been a rise in the global temperature even though the 2000s witnessed a solar output decline resulting in an unusually deep solar minimum in 2007-2009, surface temperatures continue to increase, glaciers are retreating almost everywhere around the world including in the Alps, Himalayas, Andes, Rockies, Alaska and Africa, likewise its impacts but the most adverse effects will be felt mainly by developing countries, especially those in Africa, due to their low level of coping capabilities (Nwafor 2007; Jagtap 2007).

Nigeria is viewed as one of these developing countries (Odjugo, 2010).

It affects agriculture in several ways, including its direct impact on food production.

Climate change which is attributable to the natural climate cycle and human activities, has adversely affected agricultural productivity in Africa (Ziervogel . That there is a change in the global climatic system is no longer in doubt.

The recent changes in the climate have been linked with the increase in greenhouse gases (GHG) on the atmosphere in addition to anthropogenic activities and support emissions of other artificial chlorocarbons (Olanrewaju, 2003).

Climate change is also believed to result from the effect of global warming on the environment.

Through a combination of overgrazing, abuse of woodland for fuel and increasingly unreliable rainfall, the Sahara is advancing at an estimated rate of 600 meters per annum, rising sea levels threaten Nigeria’s coastal regions the Niger Delta may be the source of oil wealth but its low-lying terrain crisis-crossed with waterways makes it extremely vulnerable to flooding and salinization i.e.

the build-up of salts in soil eventually to toxic level for plant.

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  • Access to common resources and food security Evidence.
    Reply

    Jan 24, 2018. Echoing existing literature, the relative importance of these commons. Sustainably responding to the food and nutrition security challenge therefore. The data source is the Nigerian General Household Survey GHS.…

  • An Econometric Analysis of Food Security and Agricultural.
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    An Econometric Analysis of Food Security and Agricultural Credit Facilities in Nigeria. The study employed the Autoregressive Distribution Lag ARDL. Bank of Nigeria CBN statistical bulletin, Food and Agriculture Organisation FAO and the World. "Open access journals are a novel concept in the medical literature.…

  • Assessment of Food Security Status among Rural Farming.
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    Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research NISER Ibadan, Oyo State [email protected] Abstract This study assesses food security status among farming households in Guma local government area. LITERATURE REVIEW.…

  • Linkages between Livelihood, Food Security, Economic.
    Reply

    Livelihoods of vulnerable households by linking them to food security interventions and. overseeing the literature review and draft LIFT logic model; and finally, Khou Xiong of. commercial sex workers in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria.…

  • History of Food Security - FAO
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    Mar 19, 2012. the concepts surrounding hunger, famine and food security are blurred and. review the change in perception of food security over the last 75 years or so. A lot of recent literature is available on this topic which will thus. economic decisions taken in the neighboring Nigeria resulted in an unforeseen.…

  • Achieving Sustainable Food Security in Nigeria - Covenant.
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    Is an attempt to evaluate food security situation in Nigeria from. Sustainable food security is an access by all people at all. is theoretical literature review.…

  • Categorizing households into different food security states in.
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    Apr 19, 2017. The literature reiterates the need to employ indicators that reflect the. Dietary diversity Food security Food expenditure Determinants Household Nigeria. This study harmonizes indicators of food security in order to reflect its.…

  • Measuring food security status among households in Osun.
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    Jul 4, 2016. This method has proven to be efficient in measuring food security at household level. – The results. Literature review. Bello 2009 employed the household consumption survey to investigate the food insecurity in Nigeria.…

  • Food insecurity and family structure in Nigeria - ScienceDirect
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    Food insecurity in Nigeria is also likely to vary within the households and as a. Second, the study builds on literature on both intra-household bargaining and.…

  • Technical Efficiency-Food Security Nexus in Kaduna. - Jstor
    Reply

    State, Nigeria A Case Study of Poultry Egg Farmers. sustainable food security in the study area using primary data. The data were analysed. available literature, studies have been carried out on technical efficiency of poultry farmers in.…

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