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So, despite what you will read in countless ‘summaries’ of Marx’s ‘philosophy’ on the Internet, or in books written by lazy authors who simply copy this half-baked idea off one another without bothering to check, this triad has nothing at all to do with Marx’s ideas or his method, and nowhere appears in his mature work, or, indeed, in his classic study, Das Kapital.But that intellectual virus is now out there and nothing I or anyone else have to say will slow its dissemination as gospel truth by lazy commentators on Hegel and/or Marx.The Philosophy of Poverty (the ‘All property is theft’, guy).
In the course of the dialogues, Socrates’ interlocutors propose definitions of philosophical concepts or express views that Socrates challenges or opposes.
The back-and-forth debate between opposing sides produces a kind of linear progression or evolution in philosophical views or positions: as the dialogues go along, Socrates’ interlocutors change or refine their views in response to Socrates’ challenges and come to adopt more sophisticated views.
Rosen 1982: 30; Stewart 1996, 2000: 41–3; Winfield 1990: 56).
There are several features of this account that Hegel thinks raise his dialectical method above the arbitrariness of Plato’s dialectics to the level of a genuine science.
The back-and-forth dialectic between Socrates and his interlocutors thus becomes Plato’s way of arguing against the earlier, less sophisticated views or positions and for the more sophisticated ones later. Hegel (see entry on Hegel), which, like other “dialectical” methods, relies on a contradictory process between opposing sides.
“Hegel’s dialectics” refers to the particular dialectical method of argument employed by the 19th Century German philosopher, G. Whereas Plato’s “opposing sides” were people (Socrates and his interlocutors), however, what the “opposing sides” are in Hegel’s work depends on the subject matter he discusses.
First, because the determinations in the moment of understanding sublate , Hegel’s dialectics does not require some new idea to show up arbitrarily.
Instead, the movement to new determinations is driven by the nature of the earlier determinations.
We must then wait around for new premises to spring up arbitrarily from somewhere else, and then see whether those new premises put us back into nothingness or emptiness once again, if they, too, lead to a contradiction.
Because Hegel believed that reason necessarily generates contradictions, as we will see, he thought new premises will indeed produce further contradictions.