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The MIA initially asked for first-come, first-served seating, with African Americans starting in the rear and white passengers beginning in the front of the bus.They also asked that African American bus drivers be hired for routes primarily made up of African American riders.
Many of Montgomery’s African American residents were politically organized long before Parks was arrested.
For example, the Women’s Political Council (WPC) was founded in 1946, and it had been lobbying the city for improved conditions on the buses for a decade before the bus boycott began.
There had been some advances, e.g the Brown case which deemed that segregated education was indeed unconstitutional.
However although the case invoked passion across America it was the Montgomery bus boycott which was a turning point for civil rights, it showed Alabama that African Americans were serious, and willing to go to great lengths for their cause.
Martin Luther King, the charismatic young pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, was elected president of the MIA.
A powerful orator, he was new to the area and had few enemies, and, thus, local leaders believed he could rally the various factions of the African American community to the cause.Rosa Parks was a dignified and respected women, she was friendly to neighbours and believed strongly in equality.Her attitude and reputation already gave her the moral high ground against opponents.It also affected downtown businesses, as they were further away from black housing African Americans were less likely to shop there.The boycott highlighted the economic power of black people, even if whites would admit it they relied on black people for their income. Conclusion This highlighted the stubbornness of the white officials, and showed to the rest of the country the irony of the situation, the African Americans who had been oppressed were walking calmly to work and not responding to violence, whereas the apparently superior white people were acting pettily and some were resorting to violence.In addition, Montgomery had an active branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), where Parks also worked as a secretary.Although Parks was not the first resident of Montgomery to refuse to give up her seat to a white passenger, local civil rights leaders decided to capitalize on her arrest as a chance to challenge local segregation laws.The federal decision went into effect on December 20, 1956.The boycott garnered a great deal of publicity in the national press, and King became well known throughout the country.The Montgomery bus boycott eventually won, buses were desegregated.In comparison to the years to follow one could say bus segregation in Alabama was not a huge gain, however at the time it was a large amount of progress, it acted as a blue print for further protests and direct action, it showed a nation that the boycotters were serious, and that ordinary African Americans could do something about their situation.