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The E factor (e.g., water and temperature) exerts a large influence; thus, endpoint sorghum productivity may be considered the outcome of a complex G × E × M interaction. Utilization of previously accumulated and concurrently absorbed nitrogen during reproductive growth in maize. From a plant nutrition perspective, nitrogen (N) is the main nutrient influencing plant growth, aboveground biomass, and yield (Roy and Wright, 1973; Kamoshita et al., 1998; Borrell and Hammer, 2000; Wortmann et al., 2007; van Oosterom et al., 2010; Kaizzi et al., 2012; Mahama et al., 2014). The research paper published in BMC Genomics notes that changes in sugar transport mechanisms could reveal the genetic pathways that lead to sugar remaining in the stalk of sweet sorghum, rather than moving to the seed.
Sweet sorghum, on the other hand, is grown for its stalks which are crushed to make syrup.
The comparison of the sweet and grain reference genomes has shown that their genetic structure is largely the same, but differences were found in their sugar transport system.
For more details, read the article in Hudson Alpha Institute for Biotechnology website or download the open access paper in BMC Genomics.
Unraveling the complexity underpinning nitrogen (N) use efficiency (NUE) can be physiologically approached via examining grain N sources and N internal efficiency (NIE) (yield to plant N content ratio).
Moench) improvement has been related to targeted modifications in genotype (G component) and management practices (M component), such as (a) fertilization rates, (b) irrigation, and (c) tillage practices (Eghball and Power, 1995; Duvick, 1999; Assefa and Staggenborg, 2010).
A long-term study conducted in Texas (1939–1997) documented yield improvements were mainly related to the introduction of new sorghum hybrids, water conditions at planting, better weed (herbicide) control and conservation practices such as zero tillage (Unger and Baumhardt, 1999). doi: 10.2134/agronj1965.00021962005700060015x Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Stone, L.
Sorghum, one of the world's top five cereal crops is an important food and nutrition source as climate changes.
Sorghum is one of the single most efficient crops in water use and solar energy conversion.
The main objective of this original research paper is to document and understand sorghum NUE and physiological mechanisms related to grain N dynamics.
The study of different grain N sources, herein defined as the reproductive-stage shoot N remobilization (Remobilized N), reproductive-stage whole-plant N content (Reproductive N), and vegetative-stage whole-plant N content (Vegetative N), was pursued with the goal of synthesizing scientific literature for sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] crop.