Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are equipped with computing, sensing, and wireless communication capabilities.
Moreover, due to their small size and low cost, sensors are normally deployed in different environments, where they can collaborate among themselves to form a special sensor network.
The base station may be placed at a nearby location of the driver.
The received data is processed to take a decision when to trigger the warning tone.
All the sensor nodes present in the network takes part in the cluster-head selection process.
Staggered Clustering Protocol (SCP) has been proposed to develop a new energy e_cient clustering protocol for WSN.
Constrained battery power of sensor nodes make the network design a challenging task.
Amongst several research areas in WSN, designing energy e_cient protocols is a prominent area.
Clustering is a proven solution to enhance the network lifetime by utilizing the availablebattery power e_ciently.
In this thesis, a hypothetical overview has been done to study the strengths and weaknesses of existing clustering algorithms that inspired the design of distributed and energy e_cient clustering in WSN.