Therefore, qualitative research requires a more detailed description of the methods used.: If your study involves interviews, observations, or other qualitative techniques involving human subjects, you may be required to obtain approval from your Institutional Review Board before beginning your research.
If this is the case, you must include a statement in your methods section that you received official endorsement and adequate informed consent from the IRB and that there was a clear assessment and minimization of risks to participants and to the university.
The introduction to your methodology section should begin by restating the research problem and underlying assumptions underpinning your study.
This is followed by situating the methods you will use to gather, analyze, and process information within the overall “tradition” of your field of study and within the particular research design you have chosen to study the problem.
Just as the literature review section of your paper provides an overview of sources you have examined while researching a particular topic, the methodology section should cite any sources that informed your choice and application of a particular method [i.e., the choice of a survey should include any citations to the works you used to help construct the survey]. University of Wisconsin, Madison; Rudestam, Kjell Erik and Rae R. “The Method Chapter: Describing Your Research Plan.” In . There can be multiple meaning associated with the term "theories" and the term "methods" in social sciences research.
A description of a research study's method should not be confused with a description of the sources of information. A helpful way to delineate between them is to understand "theories" as representing different ways of characterizing the social world when you research it and "methods" as representing different ways of generating and analyzing data about that social world.Methodology refers to a discussion of the underlying reasoning why particular methods were used.This discussion includes describing the theoretical concepts that inform the choice of methods to be applied, placing the choice of methods within the more general nature of academic work, and reviewing its relevance to examining the research problem.The focus should be on how you applied a method, not on the mechanics of doing a method.An exception to this rule is if you select an unconventional methodological approach; if this is the case, be sure to explain why this approach was chosen and how it enhances the overall process of discovery.Do not confuse the terms "methods" and "methodology." As Schneider notes, a method refers to the technical steps taken to do research.Descriptions of methods usually include defining them and stating why you have chosen specific techniques to investigate a research problem, followed by an outline of the procedures you used to systematically select, gather, and process the data [remember to always save the interpretation of data for the discussion section of your paper].Save how you interpreted the findings for the discussion section].With this in mind, the page length of your methods section will generally be less than any other section of your paper except the conclusion.Remember that you are not writing a how-to guide about a particular method.You should make the assumption that readers possess a basic understanding of how to investigate the research problem on their own and, therefore, you do not have to go into great detail about specific methodological procedures.