What Was The Frontier Thesis

What Was The Frontier Thesis-23
Véritable point de rencontre de nations et d’empires dès l’époque coloniale, région aux frontières internationales, l’Ouest semble se nourrir, aujourd’hui encore, de ces relations, contacts et interactions entre les peuples.Since its settlement was the last stage in the completion of the country, thus marking the closing of a crucial period in American history, the West has had a special place in the nation’s self-image, and it has always been considered as central in the construction of American identity.

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La conception de l’Ouest en tant que région marque alors le passage à une histoire régionale, loin de la vision turnérienne, qui assimilait l’histoire de la nation à celle de l’Ouest.

Plus récemment, les spécialistes du domaine ont cherché à replacer l’Ouest dans un contexte international, en le présentant comme un carrefour où se sont croisés des peuples venus non seulement de l’Est, mais aussi du Sud, du Nord, et de l’Ouest.

Turner famously asserted: "The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward, explain American development" (Turner 1).

The originality of the nation’s institutions, according to Turner, lay in their adaptation to the new environment encountered by the pioneers.

Ecrivant à la fin du dix-neuvième siècle, le père fondateur de l’histoire de l’Ouest, Frederick Jackson Turner, considère que la singularité du caractère américain résulte de l’expérience de la Frontière.

C’est en participant au peuplement de l’Ouest, au contact de la Frontière, loin de l’Est et de l’Europe, que l’Américain se serait construit.The link between the “instinct for moving” and the development of human history and culture was forcefully made by Turner in an 1891 address to the Madison Literary Club: “The colonizing spirit is one form of the nomadic instinct.L’Ouest américain est souvent présenté comme ayant un statut à part dans la construction de l’identité américaine.Cette "exception américaine" ("exceptionalism") est mise à mal par les générations suivantes d’historiens.Les études de la deuxième moitié du vingtième siècle insistent, notamment, sur la diversité du peuplement et de la population de l’Ouest, nourris de vagues successives d’immigration.While Turner’s thesis was national in scope and glorified an American identity, the New Historians’ regionalism, stressing the uniqueness of the West, promoted a Western identity.The aim of this article is to assess the significance given to the West at different periods.The pioneer experiences a "rebirth", : "The wilderness masters the colonist.It finds him a European in dress, industries, tools, modes of travel, and thought.According to Turner, it was the frontier that shaped American institutions, society, and culture.The experience of the frontier, the westward march of pioneers from the Atlantic to the Pacific Coast, distinguishes Americans from Europeans, and gives the American nation its exceptional character.


Comments What Was The Frontier Thesis

  • Frederick Jackson Turner's Frontier Thesis - Blogger

    Frederick Turner's Frontier thesis focuses on the role the frontier has had on American history and growth. In his thesis Turner argues that the frontier has played the most significant role in American history, and that all major events in our history have been someway involved with the frontier.…

  • End of the Frontier - AP U. S. History Topic Outlines - Study.

    Critics have pointed out that while Turner’s thesis addressed the psychological state of mainstream, English-speaking America, it did not take into account other people living in the country. The history of the frontier would certainly appear in a different light from the perspective of Native Americans, Hispanics, blacks, and women.…

  • The Turner Thesis An Annotated Bibliography for Students

    A critique of Turner's frontier thesis noting the contradictions within itself and the absence of Indian contributions. Limerick recognizes the current popularity of Turner's thesis, but also proposes the emergence of a new urban/industrial, diverse, frontier thesis.…

  • Frontier Thesis - Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

    The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis, is the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in 1893 that American democracy was formed by the American frontier. He stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process.…

  • Frontier Thesis - The Frontier Thesis Summary and Analysis In.

    The Frontier Thesis Summary and Analysis In Frederick Jackson Turner's "The Significance of the Frontier in American History," 1893, he presented his "frontier thesis," that the continuous presence of a frontier line, before 1890, helped to shape the character of the American people, including its individualistic and democratic nature.…

  • How did turner's frontier thesis effect American history.

    Who accredited the frontier as the defining element of American individualism? The Frontier Thesis was first postulated by Frederick Jackson Turner in 1893, in his paper "On the Significance of.…

  • Frederick Jackson Turner, "Significance of the Frontier"

    Frederick Jackson Turner remains one of the most influential historians of America's past, and his famous frontier thesis is related to the above idea, in that his basic idea is that constant contact with an open frontier for almost 300 years of American history contributed to America's uniqueness—or exceptionalism.…


    FREDRICK JACKSON TURNER'S FRONTIER THESIS The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward, explain American development. This perpetual rebirth, this fluidity of American life,…

  • Free Essays on Frontier Thesis -

    Frontier Thesis. In 1893, historian Fredrick Jackson Turner offered his now- famous “ frontier thesis ” at the World’s Fair in Chicago, Illinois. Turner’s thesis rapidly became popular among intellectuals. It explained why the American communities as well as the American government were very different from Europeans.…

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